Malagueta pepper

Capsicum frutescens
Malagueta peppers for sale at a market in Sao Paulo
Malagueta peppers for sale at a market in Sao Paulo (Photo by Frank Mangan)

Introduction

Malagueta peppers (Capsicum frutescens) is one of the most widely used hot peppers in Brazil. It is a small, tapered, green pepper that turns red as it matures. It is about 2 inches in length at maturity. It is a very hot pepper, with a range of 60,000 to 100,000 Scoville units (about the same as Tabasco peppers).

There are two sizes seen in markets, which will sometimes have different names: The smaller ones are called “malaguetinha”, and the larger ones are called “malaguetão”. They are not different varieties, just peppers of different maturities from the same plant.

This pepper is used to season many regional dishes in Brazil and is used in sauces. In Portugal, the term “malagueta” is used to describe a wide range of hot peppers.

Smaller malagueta peppers, called malaguetinha, for sale at a market in Sao Paulo.

Production

For information on production and management of malagueta pepper, refer to the New England Vegetable Management Guide and click on "pepper".

Hot peppers, including malagueta peppers, bottled for sauce at a market in Salvador, Brazil.

Seed Sources

There are several on-line companies that sell this pepper. One is EcoSeeds

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